Meningococcal Disease, Invasive

Reporting Guidelines:

  • Within 24 hours to local health department


  • West Virginia IDEP Protocol

Current Case Definition:

  • CDC Case Definition

Required Forms:

  • WVEDSS Invasive Bacterial Disease – Neisseria meningitidis Case Report

General Information:

  • Provider Information
  • Public Information
  • WV Office of Laboratory Services Transport Guidelines for Fastidious Organisms
  • MCV4 Vaccine failure and AST Letter

Surveillance Data:

  • West Virginia Meningococcal Disease, Invasive surveillance data from 1997-2006
  • Meningococcal Disease, Invasive, by Age Group 1995-2005
  • Meningococcal Disease, Invasive, by Month of Onset 1995-2005
  • Meningococcal Disease, Invasive, by Year of Onset 1995-2005
  • Meningococcal Disease, Invasive, by Serogroup and Year of Onset 2000-05

Other Links:

  • National Foundation for Infectious Disease
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome Among Adolescents Who Received Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Fact Sheet for Healthcare Professionals
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome Among Recipients of Menactra Meningococcal Congugate Vaccine – United States, June–July 2005
  • FDA and CDC Issue Alert on Menactra Meningococcal Vaccine and Guillain Barré Syndrome
  • CDC Information: Meningococcal Disease, Invasive
  • Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease – Recommendations of the ACIP
  • Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease and Meningococcal Disease and College Students – Recommendations of the ACIP
  • Control and Prevention of Serogroup C Meningococcal Disease: Evaluation and Management of Suspected Outbreaks: Recommendations of the ACIP
  • Laboratory-Based Surveillance for

Aseptic Meningitis (Viral Meningitis)

The 1990 case definition appearing on this page was re-published in the 1997 MMWR Recommendations and Reports titled Case Definitions for Infectious Conditions Under Public Health Surveillance [MMWR 1997;46(RR10)] (available at Thus, the 1990 and 1997 versions of the case definition are identical.

Clinical description

A syndrome characterized by acute onset of meningeal symptoms, fever, and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis, with bacteriologically sterile cultures. (See Encephalitis, Arboviral.)

Laboratory criteria for diagnosis

  • No evidence of bacterial or fungal meningitis

Case classification

Confirmed: a clinically compatible illness diagnosed by a physician as aseptic meningitis, with no laboratory evidence of bacterial or fungal meningitis


Aseptic meningitis is a syndrome of multiple etiologies, but many cases are caused by a viral agent. On you can find different types of epidemiology studies.…

Current Influenza Surveillance Data

Statewide Temporal Trend of Influenza-Like Illness by MMWR Week
(2007-08, 2008-09,2009-10, 2010-11 Seasons)

The figure below displays the number of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases reported during the 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 influenza seasons.  ILI is defined as fever 100˚ F AND cough and/ or sore throat without another identified cause.  ILI can be caused by a variety of respiratory viruses, so data should always be interpreted in the context of laboratory data.  ILI cases are reported by physicians to local health departments.  Local health departments report the data weekly to the state. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention compiles weekly data and reports the data by “MMWR week.” Usually, there are 52 MMWR weeks per year. Some years, there are 53 MMWR weeks. Find out more about the best epidemiology PhD programs.

West Virginia Sentinel Provider Data, 2010-11 Season

The Sentinel map shows West Virginia counties that have enrolled influenza sentinel providers for the 2010-11 season.

The figure below demonstrates the percent of visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) reported by West Virginia sentinel providers during the 2010-11 influenza season.  Sentinel providers are volunteer physicians who report cases of ILI as a proportion of total patients seen.  …

West Nile Encephalitis

Reporting Guidelines

  • Within 1 week to local health department


  •  Arboviral Disease Surveillance Protocol

Current Case Definition

  •  CDC Case Definition

Required Forms

  • Arboviral Encephalitis Report
  • Dead Bird Log

General Information

  • Public Information
  • Avian Oral Swab Demonstration Video
  • Birds and West Nile Virus

Surveillance Data

  • 2009 Surveillance Activity (Updated Weekly)
  • 2008 Surveillance Activity
  • 2008 Mosquito Surveillance Report
  • 2007 Dead Birds Submitted for Testing (sorted by county)
  • 2006 Dead Birds Submitted for Testing (sorted by id number)
  • 2006 Dead Birds Submitted for Testing (sorted by county)

Other Links

  • CDC Information
  • CDC’s Arboviral Encephalitis
  • West Virginia Mosquito Information
  • West Virginia Encephalitis Information
  • West Virginia Department of Natural Resources Contacts
  • Office of Laboratory services
  • WV Department of Environmental Protection Open Dump Reporting Web Page

Bird  Resources:

All species of wild birds which are freshly dead (less than 24 hours old) are targeted for active surveillance. Poultry (domestic chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese and guinea fowl) and pet birds will not be submitted for testing. Use the websites below to aid in identifying wild birds.

  • USGS Guide to Handling Birds
  • – Bird Identification
  • Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
  • eNature
  • Rutger’s University – Identifying Crows and Hawks
  • USGS National Wildlife Health Center
  • USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research